Intro to Python – Whiteboard Friday

Python is a programming language that may make it easier to uncover unimaginable search engine optimisation insights and prevent time by automating time-consuming duties. But for individuals who have not explored this facet of search, it may be intimidating. In this episode of Whiteboard Friday, Britney Muller and a real python professional named Pumpkin supply an intro right into a useful software that is price your time to be taught.

Click on the whiteboard picture above to open a excessive decision model in a brand new tab!

Video Transcription

Hey, Moz followers. Welcome to one other version of Whiteboard Friday. Today we’re speaking all about introduction to Python, which is why I’ve a particular co-host right here. She is a ball python herself, complete professional. Her title is Pumpkin, and she or he’s one of the best. 

What is Python?

So what’s Python? This has been within the trade loads recently. There’s a whole lot of commotion that it is best to understand how to use it or understand how to discuss it. Python is an open supply, object-oriented programming language that was created in 1991.

Simpler to use than R

Some enjoyable details about Python is it is usually in contrast to R, nevertheless it’s arguably extra easy to use. The syntax simply oftentimes feels extra easy and customary-sense, like if you’re new to programming. 

Big firms use it

Huge firms use it. NASA, Google, tons of firms on the market use it as a result of it is extensively supported.

It’s open supply

It is open supply. So fairly cool. While we’re going by this Whiteboard Friday, I’d find it irresistible if we might do some Python programming immediately. So I am simply going to ask that you just additionally go to this in one other tab, Download the model on your pc and we’ll get again to that. 

Why does Python matter?

So why must you care? 

Automates time-consuming duties

Python is extremely highly effective as a result of it helps you automate time-consuming duties. It can do this stuff at scale so that you could liberate your time to work on increased-degree considering, to work on extra technique. It’s actually, actually thrilling the place this stuff are going. 

Log file evaluation

Some examples of which can be issues like log file evaluation. Imagine for those who might simply arrange an automatic system with Python to warn you any time one in all your main pages wasn’t being crawled as often because it sometimes is. You can do all kinds of issues. Let’s say Google crawls your robots.txt and it throws out a server error, which a lot of you realize causes large issues. It can warn you. You can arrange scripts like that to do actually complete duties. 

Internal hyperlink evaluation

Some different examples, inner hyperlink evaluation, it could do a very nice job of that. 

Discover key phrase alternatives

It will help you uncover key phrase alternatives by taking a look at bulk key phrase knowledge and figuring out some actually essential indicators. 

Image optimization

It’s actually nice for issues like picture optimization. It can auto tag and alt textual content pictures. It can do actually highly effective issues there. 

Scrape web sites

It also can scrape the web sites that you just’re working with to do actually excessive quantity duties. 

Google Search Console knowledge evaluation

It also can pull Google Search Console knowledge and do evaluation on these kinds of issues.

I do have an inventory of all the people inside search engine optimisation who’re at the moment doing actually, actually highly effective issues with Python. I extremely counsel you take a look at a few of Hamlet Batista’s latest scripts the place he is utilizing Python to do all kinds of actually cool search engine optimisation duties. 

How do you run Python?

What does this even appear like? So you’ve got hopefully downloaded Python as a programming language in your pc. But now you want to run it someplace. Where does that reside? 

Set up a digital atmosphere utilizing Terminal

So first try to be organising a digital atmosphere. But for the aim of those examples, I am simply going to ask that you just pull up your terminal software.

It seems to be like this. You is also working Python inside one thing like Jupyter Notebook or Google Colab. But simply pull up your terminal and let’s test and just remember to’ve downloaded Python correctly. 

Check to be sure you’ve downloaded Python correctly

So the very first thing that you just do is you open up the terminal and simply kind in “python –version.” You ought to see a readout of the model that you just downloaded on your pc. That’s superior. 

Activate Python and carry out primary duties

So now we’re simply going to activate Python and do some actually primary duties. So simply kind in “python” and hit Enter. You ought to hopefully see these three arrow issues inside your terminal. From right here, you are able to do one thing like print (“Hello, World!”). So you enter it precisely such as you see it right here, hit Enter, and it’ll say “Hello, World!” which is fairly cool.

You also can do enjoyable issues like simply primary math. You can add two numbers collectively utilizing one thing like this. So these are particular person strains. After you full the print (sum), you may see the readout of the sum of these two numbers. You can randomly generate numbers. I understand these aren’t direct search engine optimisation purposes, however these are the foolish issues that offer you confidence to run applications like what Hamlet talks about.

Have enjoyable — strive making a random quantity generator

So I extremely counsel you simply have enjoyable, create just a little random quantity generator, which is absolutely cool. Mine is pulling random numbers from zero to 100. You can do zero to 10 or no matter you would like. A enjoyable reality, after you hit Enter and also you see that random quantity, if you’d like to proceed, utilizing your up arrow will pull up the final command inside your terminal.

It even goes again to these different ones. So that is a very fast method to rerun one thing like a random quantity generator. You can simply crank out a bunch of them if you’d like for some motive. 

Automating totally different duties

This is the place you can begin to get into actually cool scripts as effectively for pulling URLs utilizing Requests HTML. Then you possibly can pull distinctive data from internet pages.

You can pull at bulk tens of hundreds of title tags inside a URL record. You can pull issues like H1s, canonicals, all kinds of issues, and this makes it extremely straightforward to do it at scale. One of my favourite methods to pull issues from URLs is utilizing xpath inside Python.

This is loads simpler than it seems to be. So this could be an xpath for some web sites, however web sites are marked up in another way. So if you’re making an attempt to pull one thing from a selected web site, you possibly can proper-click on into Chrome Developer Tools. Within Chrome Developer Tools, you possibly can proper-click on what it’s that you just’re making an attempt to scrape with Python.

You simply choose “Copy xpath,” and it gives you the precise xpath for that web site, which is sort of a enjoyable trick for those who’re stepping into some of these items. 


What are libraries? How can we make these things increasingly more highly effective? Python is absolutely robust by itself, however what makes it even stronger are these libraries or packages that are add-ons that do unimaginable issues.

This is only a small proportion of libraries that may do issues like knowledge assortment, cleansing, visualization, processing, and deployment. One of my favourite methods to get among the extra in style packages is simply to obtain Anaconda, as a result of it comes with all of those generally used, hottest packages.

So it is sort of a pleasant method to get all of it in a single spot or at the least most of them. 

Learn extra

So you’ve got sort of dipped your toes and also you sort of perceive what Python is and what individuals are utilizing it for. Where are you able to be taught extra? How are you able to begin? Well, Codecademy has a very nice Python course, in addition to Google, Kaggle, and even the web site have some actually nice assets which you could take a look at.

This is an inventory of people I actually admire within the search engine optimisation area, who’re doing unimaginable work with Python and have all impressed me in numerous methods. So positively regulate what they’re up to:

But yeah, Pumpkin and I’ve actually loved this, and we hope you probably did too. So thanks a lot for becoming a member of us for this particular version of Whiteboard Friday. We will see you quickly. Bye, guys.

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